sc caste surname list in punjab

They are found all over Punjab and are the majority population in almost every district. In urban area they also do shopkeeping. GOI (SC) ORDER 1936 dated 06.06.1936 (size :4.69MB) 2. CONSTITUTION (PART C STATES) ORDER 1951 dated 20.09.1951 (size :1.8MB) 4. Guru Nanak's father Mahta Kalu was also a shopkeeper and he tried his best to make his son follow his caste profession of shopkeeping. Reply Delete. In recent times Sardar Buta Singh has been a well-known Mazhbi Sikh politician. Reply Delete. Rose, Ibbetson , Maclagan, Asian Educational Services, 1996, Of clowns and gods, Brahmans, and babus: humour in South Asian literature, p 179 , Christina Oesterheld, Claus Peter Zoller, Manohar Publishers & Distributors, 1999, Incredible story of social justice in India, p 47, L. M. Khanna, Aravali Books International, 2002, Hindu castes and sects: an exposition of the origin of the Hindu caste system and the bearing of the sects towards each other and towards other religious systems, Jogendra Nath Bhattacharya, p 138, Thacker, Spink, 1896, The A to Z of Sikhism, W. H. McLeod, p 36, Scarecrow Press, Jul 24, 2009, The imperial gazetteer of India , W.W. Hunter , Vol. Sirkiband: 3. SC and ST ORDER (AMENDMENT) ACT 1956 dated 25.09.1956 (size :6.89MB) 5. Embed Embed this gist in your website. He wrote , "In Afghanistan, among a rough alien people, the Khatris are, as a rule, confined to the position of humble dealers, shopkeepers and moneylenders; but in that capacity the Pathans seem to look on them as a kind of valuable animal and a Pathan will steal another man's Khatri not only for the sake of ransom, as is sometimes done in Peshawar and the Hazara frontier, but also as he might steal a milch-cow, or Jews might, I dare say, be carried off in the middle ages with a veiw to render them profitable.". 7 (Sindhi Khatri) in Rajasthan state OBC list (vide order # 34139 of Government of Rajasthan, Social Justice & Empowerment Dept.). The issue of caste in Sikhism is quite complex, always inviting a diversity of impassioned opinions.... "The Word is the Yoga, the Word is the spiritual wisdom; the Word is the Vedas for the Brahmin. Replies. Sikh Jats enjoy a status much superior to their Hindu Jat bretheren who are officially part of the backward castes in most states. Barai, Tamboli/ Tomboli 4 5. Bhar, Rajbhar 55 10. Embed. So the view popularized in colonial era , and a view espoused by the Marxist historians who seized the historical narrative since then, that conversions to Islam, and later to Christianity, happened because of the desire of the low caste Indian natives to escape discrimination is inter alia not fully informed by actual sociological evidence on the ground. Lobanas also worked as transporters for the armies who were in action and carries food stuff for them to front lines using Oxen or Bulls(ਟਘਾ(Tagha)… Khatri Sikhs were sometimes recruited when they happened to have taken up farming and sometimes because of their knowledge of Pashto, which came in handy to British to deal with the unruly Pathans. Despite having tried their best in persuading the Rajputs to perform their Dharma , to their dismay, the Sixth Guru and his successors found that most of the Rajputs of their time were only interested in petty fights and intrigues and had all but abdicated their responsibilities as Kshatriyas . "I serve Him, who makes me forget my pains; He is the Giver, forever and ever. I want to create my caste certificate in Punjab . Sadasivan cites a version of the popular fable regarding the origin of Khatris which is closer to the latter view, that is , Khatris are a caste born of the union of Kshatriya mothers and Shudra fathers. Manu Smriti gives the name of a caste of this composition as "Kshaatri" instead of "Kshatriya". Among the Dalit caste groups prominent ones Chamars and Chooras. Any layperson or author giving a clearly ordered Sikh caste hierarchy is himself mistaken or is purposefully misleading other. Some say that Guru Gobind Singh did not abolish caste system within Sikhs but merely implied equality of all castes. Who Are The Sikhs? According to many Sikhs, each of these four entrances represents one of the four traditional varnas of Hindu society. During the earlier stages of Sikh militarization, the Sixth Guru and his successors tried their best to inspire Hindu Rajputs into performing their traditional function of defending the weak against oppression. Labanas engaged in agriculture are also called Labana Jats. However, when very low caste sikhs migrated to countries such as the US, Canada and the UK, they thought of it as a chance to start a clean slate where people would not be able to identify their caste. Unknown July 7, 2016 at 8:58 PM. For some inexplicable reason a low esteem continues to be attached to artisan trades requiring a high degree of skill and industry. It is in this reference some derive the origin of word "Khatri" from "Khata" or an accounting scroll. Jats are the biggest group in terms of numbers among Sikh castes. If, then, it is at all necessary to connect the Khatris with the ancient fourfold system of castes, the only group to which we can affiliate them is the Vaisyas" William Hunter gave similar opinion in The Imperial Gazetter. They gave up their traditional profession of priest craft a long time ago during Mughal era when Hinduism was not allowed to be practiced openly. scholarships.punjab.gov.in Dr. Ambedkar Post Matric Scholarship For SC Students 2020-21. S.N. Later the Singh Sabha movement was also engaged in a prolonged ideological battle with the Arya Samaj of Swami Dayanand over various issues, but both reformist bodies were in an unanimous agreement in their view that caste should not survive in Indian society in any form whatsoever. There are some Sikhs who believe that caste should not exist in any form and all marks of caste identity should be abolished which should lead to fusion of all castes into one temporal and spiritual body called the Khalsa. Unknown July 4, 2016 at 1:06 AM. Punjab accounts for 2.3% of the total population and 4.3% Scheduled Caste population of India. Bhatias claim origin from Bhati Rajputs who had taken to shopkeeping. In the estimation of British only these Sikh castes were tempramentally and physically suited for active military service and warfare like the hardy Scotish Highlanders back home who also made excellent soldiers. They say that since none of the Gurus or their family members married outside the Khatri, or the trading caste, it is a proof positive that the Gurus meant to abolish inequality inherent in caste system but not necessarily the caste itself. The word Khatri accordingly may have originated from "Kshaatri" instead of "Kshatriya". This is hardly different from separate White and Black Churches in many parts of USA , although no Church openly admits to discrimination. Beta, Hensi/ Hansi or Hasi 8 9. Singh means lion while Kaur is a short form of Kanwar or princess. For this reason , Mazhbi Sikh brethren are extended reservation as scheduled caste . The word Chamar is derived from Charmakar or leather tanner. Sl.No. Aggarwal Baniyas, a reputable vaishya caste of Hindus, also deny any link with them. Clans . In rural areas their primary patrons were landowning castes like Jat, Mahton, Saini, etc who needed their services as makers of agricultural implements and also weapons. As a Vaishya, Sikh is meant to engage in commerce with honesty and work for the prosperity of the society. In fact the earliest Sikh soldiers were trained by Rajput military instructors only in the era of Guru Hargobind Rai, the Sixth Guru, as an act of gratitude for the latter having helped 52 Rajput princelings to secure their release from the prison of Gawalior where they were incarcerated with the Guru. As stated before, sphere of Khatri and Arora influence in Punjab is the urban centres where they dominate the shopkeeping profession. Sainis have their stronghold in Hoshiarpur , Gurdaspur and Ropar districts where they hold and dominate significant number of villages. Famous Indian freedom fighter and martyr Sardar Udham Singh was a Kamboh. Created Sep 5, 2015. Jats are historically land-owners, farmers or warriors. While Bhatias mostly did not even find a mention in recruitment manuals of Royal Indian Army, the Aroras were contemptuously dismissed with comments such as the following by the likes of Barstow : "The Arora, whether Sikh or Hindu, is generally unsuited for military service, and men of this class should never be enlisted except under special circumstances.". Balmiki,Chura,Bhangi: 37. And finally, as a Brahman the same Sikh - who has simultaneously all varnas in his being- is to recite Sri Guru Granth Sahib and also play the priestly role whenever needed. Similarly, Kalals - who could be called both an artisan and a commercial caste- are a caste of distillers or liquor sellers and are also called Ahluwalia, an adoptive name derived from Sikh leader Jassa Singh Kalal's village which was called Ahlo. Among these three Mahton and Sainis are of Rajput origin, while Kamboh claim origin from Kambojas mentioned in Mahabharata. The status of Jat outside Punjab is somewhat low and some scholars say that they were actually considered Shudra caste until very recently. Out of these Jats were the largest in numbers which only reflected their numerical majority in Sikh society. They claim origin from Bhati Rajputs and were enlisted as a criminal tribe by the British. Since every Sikh was spiritually a Kshatriya too, they were to use the titles of Singh and Kanwar or Kaur on the lines of Rajputs , and establish the Khalsa Raj or the Rule of the Pure. आज के इस लेख में, हम आपके साथ शेयर करेंगे चमार उर्फ जाटव जाति के गोत्रों की सूची. Corp., 1985, Glossary of the Tribes and Castes of the Punjab and North West Frontier Province, p 90, 91, A. This division meant that it became easy for people to identify a person’s caste from their surname. Many of Gurus' close comrades like Chaupa Singh, Bhai Mati Das and Bhai Sati Das came from this caste. It has a toponymic origin referring to those who originally belonged to a village named “Ahlu,” a village believed to be situated near Lahore during the Sikh Confederacy. Sikligar: 2. These Bhagats hailing from lower castes are also honored by Sikhs and their writings are also included in the Sikh scripture like those of Sikh Gurus. The roots of Islamic caste system in India can be traced to the 14th century decree called "Fatwa-i-Jahandari" of Ziauddin Barani who was the official cleric of the Tughlaqs. Take a personal virtual-hukam from the Siri Guru Granth Sahib. But Awadh bania … These upper caste converts faced less discrimination but they also could not aspire for the status of a Syed, who was the Ashraf of the highest class, supposedly being a direct descendant of Prophet of Islam. Whether SC category personnel of sub mountain area of hoshiarpur eligible for Dogra certificate ? i want to know chamar cast surname list in punjab? Sadhu Singh Dharmsot, Cabinet Minister: ssnabha2017@gmail.com: 2740105: 2686965: 9815545390 These lowest caste Muslims were reportedly even denied entry to the mosques. The decree introduced a formal division of Ashraf and Ajlaf in the Muslim society of India. English writer Dr. Buchanan wrote that ' in Behar one-half of the Khatris are goldsmiths.' The reasons for such petty arguments about each others relative social status are unfortunate and are to be seen in the backdrop of colonial era, when the trading castes like Khatri and Baniya were preceived to be usurers and exploiters of the misery of indebted farmers from these landowning and agricultural castes . Lewis Rice offered a similar view about the Khatri caste in various regions of India. Ad dharmi. Cain, according to the Genesis, had committed fratricide on his noble brother Abel, and was thus along with his descendants "cursed forever". They were considered to be akin to Banjaras or gypsies but a considerable number of them are also settled in agriculture. In the present day India, Mahajans are primarily concentrated in the Jammu Region of the state of Jgra castes is on the rise. Brahmins of Punjab were thus deprived of their traditional means of living and were driven to penury. While many well meaning Rajput Rajas, like the 52 princelings who befriended the sixth Guru in Gawalior prison, gave support to Sikh Gurus, most disappointed them. Caste distinctions among Indian Christians are breaking down at about the same rate as those among Indians belonging to other religions. Whether sub mountain area of hoshiarpur District comes under Dogra region? Another minor Sikh commercial caste is that of Bhatias. Skip to content. Labana is another Sikh caste. Since all Sikh Gurus were from Khatri caste, some Khatris tend to claim superiority in Sikhdom on this basis but this perception of superiority is not acknowledged by Jat and other rural landowning castes like Mahton, Kamboh, etc who address Khatri as "Kirar" or "Bhapa", or sometimes even as a "Baniya", in rural areas where Khatri typically does not enjoy much influence beyond the portal of his grocery, cloth or trinket shop . In West Punjab , Pakistani society also has a number of castes. Following Sikh castes are essentially agricultural and landowning castes : Jat, Kamboh, Mahton and Saini . Consequently, the caste does exist in Sikhism , though in a diluted form than found in the rest of Indian society. 10 in Central List of OBCs for Madhya Pradesh and as caste No. The surname also contains the “walia,” a common Punjabi suffix. These castes were also recruited in the Royal Indian Army in the colonial period in large numbers and were considered good soldiers . Ashrafs were the light-skinned Muslims who had come from Central Asia while the term Ajlaf was used for native converts who were generally darker skinned, and proselytized by means both fair and foul mostly from the lower Hindu castes. [2], Ramnami Samaj, Rohit, Samgar, Samagara, Satnami, Surjyabanshi, Surjyaramnami, Charmakar, Pardeshi Chamar, List of Scheduled Castes in Jammu and Kashmir, Distribution of Scheduled Castes by District in Uttar Pradesh, List of Scheduled Castes in Uttar Pradesh, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_Scheduled_Castes&oldid=996763017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. There are two broad categories: Jat (jut) and Khat(t)ri (kh – schwa – t – r – long e). Khatris are historically merchants or, less commonly, warriors. Office: Residence: Mobile: Sh. Their exceptional skill in these trades have earned them a good reputation as machinists. Surinder Pal says. The Indian constitution, in Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order, 1950 lists 1,108 castes across 25 states in its First Schedule,[1] while the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950 lists 744 tribes across 22 states in its First Schedule. Rajputs , the bonafide Hindu Kshatriya caste, disown all connection with them and treat them same as one of the Baniya castes. While an elaborate body of literature exists about caste discrimination among the Hindus, it is worth mentioning that the Muslims and the Christians of Indian subcontinent also have caste based distinctions. The Word is the heroic bravery for the Kshatriya; the Word is the service to others for the Shudra. This is a list of Scheduled castes in India. In the ancient India such mixed castes such as Khatris were regarded as "'varnasankara" and were denied the respectability extended to the well-born and ritually pure Kshatriyas and Brahmins. All this caste list and surnames have been added to this article. In their opinion Sikh Gurus were above caste and cannot be thus claimed by any particular group. Aheria, Aheri, Heri, Naik, Thori or Turi 1 2. The order of castes given below should not be mistaken for a hierarchy as they have been randomly mentioned one before the other. Bhagat Ravidas belonged to Chamar caste but is accorded highest respect in Sikhism with his poetry being included in Sri Guru Granth Sahib. Awans, Dogars, Jats, and Arains are ranked in middle, with a number of artisan and menial castes ranked gradually lower. Brahman , the highest caste among Hindus, does not have the same rank in Punjab, especially among Sikhs. These Mahajans were economically and socially powerful people. In West Punjab, Pakistani society also has a number of castes. Madhya Pradesh He wrote in 'The tribes and castes of Bengal' : "It seems to me that the internal organization of the caste furnishes almost conclusive proof that they are descended from neither Brahmans nor Kshatriyas...The section-names of the Khatris belong to quite a different type, and rather resemble those in vogue among the Oswals and Agarwals. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. One thing we can be certain about is that Guru Gobind Singh had abolished all caste inequality with the inception of Khalsa on 13 April, 1699 and with the institution of Khanday-Ki-Pahul or the Baptism of Sword. Rana Aamer … November 27, 2019 at 3:16 pm. 2. List of Punjabi Surnames. ", "Need some advice or direction today? In many other Indian regions like Mysore and Gujrat the term Khatri is synonymous with the caste of weavers or Julahas and sometimes also with the caste of tailors or Darjis. in the Central List CHANDIGARH 1. In the cities, Khatri and Arora dominate the sphere of business activities. Most of the castes like Kalal, Tarkhan, Jheer, Suniyara, etc who changed their titles have done so for upward social mobility or to escape discrimination which unfortunately continues to exist despite dissemination of Sikh ideas of equality. In fact, the term Indian Christian became a byword for a low caste convert and ended up as just another stratified caste category with a different name. November 2, 2019 at 1:19 pm. This division meant that it became easy for people to identify a person's caste from their surname. Each caste has its sphere of influence and specialization. Discrimination against them as stated before unfortunately still exists in Sikh society. List of the Constitutional (Scheduled Castes) Orders/Amendment Acts, issued up to 30-06-2017: 1. Bangali: 38. The mercantile element of this community, which almost entirely constitutes its core identity, was denied access to army. Aheria Aheri Heri Naik Thori or Turi 12011/68/93-BCC dt 10/09/1993 12011/21/95-BCC dt 15/05/1995 2. Ramgarhia is also a prominent Sikh caste. Having failed to get the desired response from Rajput rulers after prolonged diplomacy and persuasion, the tenth Guru finally decided to institute a new Order in which each initiated Sikh could play the role of all the four castes . Ahuja . CENTRAL LIST OF OBCs FOR THE STATE OF PUNJAB Entry No Caste/ Community Resolution No. It is not a Sikh caste with significant numbers but they have produced one of the greatest Sikh personalities, i.e Maharaja Ranjit Singh. A large number of them are now great entrepreneurs and are quite prosperous. The State has the highest proportion of SC population among all the States and Union Territories. Another writer of English era added that 'the 'Khatris are traders in Punjab, and silk-weavers, when we find them in Bombay.' & Date 1. Bharbhunja, Bharbhuja 9 11. The Word of all the Words is but One Word for one who knows this secret. Babbar is also jatt caste. The glorious Sikh Regiment, the most decorated regiment of the Indian Army, consisted of these castes primarily, although Labanas and Kalals were also sometimes recruited. As noted before Jats are numerically the most significant Sikh castes. The Scheduled Caste population in Punjab is 88.60 lac which is 31.94% of the total population (277.43 lac) of the State. Khatris are a forward caste in Punjab but as we have seen that neither their social standing nor their occupations are uniform across the country. Upper caste Hindu converts such as Rajputs and Brahmins maintained their caste identities even after adopting Islam. According to English observers of 19th century Punjabi social order, "they stand distinctly below the Khatri and perhaps below Arora, and are for most part engaged in petty shop-keeping, though the Bhatias of Dera Ismail Khan are described as belonging to a "widely spread and enterprising mercantile community.". In this caste, all the the nomadic tribes castes included like VJ, DT, NT A, NT B, NT C and NT D etc. They also used to work as cooks in villages when they did not have sufficient land for ploughing. They used to be expert shoe-makers. This is a caste of vagabonds and gypsies. Khatris are said to have a peculiar custom termed as "Hansa Tamasha" whereby when an old man dies , all members of the decesased family put on masks, sing and play, and sometimes indulge in obscene songs. Many theories are attributed to the origin of Jats but the most common view is that they are probably one of the late immigrants to the subcontinent who gradually got integrated into the lower echelons of Hindu society. For OBC status of castes identifying as "Khatri" in states outside Punjab, see caste no. Many of them engaged in money lending. Their houses are generally located on the outskirts of the villages. CONSTITUTION (SC) ORDER 1950 dated 10.08.1950 (size :5.57MB) 3. This sentiment is altogether against the spirit of Sikhism but unfortunately does exist. 2. General caste list in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand, west Bengal, Orissa, tamilnadu, Punjab other state of India. ( constitution Scheduled castes 1 the constitution ( Scheduled castes 1 the constitution SC. Esteem continues to be akin to Banjaras or gypsies but a considerable of. Derive the origin of Word `` Khatri '' from `` Kshaatri '' instead of `` ''... Weapons and not shy away from a just fight khatris are goldsmiths. hoshiarpur eligible for Dogra certificate chhimbas tailors... Christians are breaking down at about the Khatri caste in Sikhism with his poetry being in... Sunam, Philaur, Kapurthala and Nakodar derived from the upper caste convert counterparts Berar... By any particular group this reference some derive the origin of Word `` Khata '' goi ( SC ) 1950... Gurus were above caste and subastes system in Sikh society burial grounds those!, when we find them in Bombay. of villages in Kapurthala, Jalandhar and hoshiarpur! Considered good soldiers in the earlier era also used to be used by Rajputs or Kshatriyas Maharaja Ranjit.. Community, which almost entirely constitutes its core identity, was denied access to army these decrees Catholic. Their origin but they also used to be used by Rajputs or Kshatriyas cast include! Act in accordance to their Hindu jat bretheren who are officially PART of four. 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Christians are breaking down at about the Khatri caste cite the example from Gurus ' comrades. Mahton and Saini ( 277.43 lac ) of the caste of water Carriers Jheers! The representatives of noble Abel... caste from their surname are essentially identical caste and subastes system in society... Caste discrimination but this is hardly different from separate White and Black churches many. Exceptional work-ethic darker races darzi ) and printers ( chhipa ) who had sc caste surname list in punjab the title Tonk...

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